Thu, 08 Jan 2015

How to lose weight

A lot of people want to lose weight, but struggle with it. I think I know why. Everybody's felt "hunger pangs", even if only a little bit. Well, I speculate that is because your gut bacteria are starting to die off. If you just eat fewer calories, your bacteria are going to start complaining that you're kill them, and you'll "feel like" eating more food.

That's why calorie-restriction diets don't work -- because you're *always* killing off your bacteria. But how can you lose weight unless you restrict calories? As dieticians are happy to tell you, "calories in - calories out = weight gain". But we're finding out that that's not true. It's when you spike your blood sugar that fat gets stored. If you eat the same amount of calories, but spread out over time (lots of small meals), or more conveniently, meals that include only foods that don't spike your blood sugar, then that energy will always be available to you for use, and none for storage.

But here's the problem: as long as you're eating any high-glycemic index foods, the bacteria that digest them will stay alive. And if you try to stop, they'll complain, and you'll always feel hungry. The key is to eat only low-glycemic index foods. That will kill off, once and for all, those bacteria that demand high-glycemic index foods.

So when you switch to a low-glycemic index foods (low carb, high fat, or LCHF), you'll still have the bacteria that love carbs, and they'll create gastic distress, hunger pangs, and loose motions. You need to presevere through this time. It's tolerable because it's just a few days. Once you kill them off (and it takes about five days to do that), you'll feel ordinary hunger pangs when you don't eat enough LCHF. And you'll start to lose weight.

There are two exceptions to eating high glycemic index foods. First, is that when you rip muscle tissue, your body will consume (rather than store) blood sugar to repair them. You can feel when you're doing this through your exercise. Not all exercise will do that. Sprinting usually will, or lifting more weights, or walking up more stairs. Second, binge day. Once a week you can binge on carbs. As long as it's just for one day, the carb-loving bacteria won't have a chance to start infesting your gut.

Note: I've gone through this transition several times, so I think I'm right. I don't know, however, of any studies that show that one type of bacteria thrives on carbs, while another type thrives on fat. Neither have I gone looking for any.

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Fri, 28 Jan 2011

Your body runs on sugar.

Your body runs on sugar. Period. Doesn't matter the source, except it really does. You can get it directly from sugar, by eating a candy bar. You can get it from carbs such as wheat, potatoes, rich, anything starchy. Or you can get it from fat.

Unfortunately, you can't actually digest fat. Your stomach can't deal with it. But the bacteria which live in your intestines can. So, you eat fat two days before the ride. You eat carbs the day before the ride. Then you eat sugary foods the day of the ride.

If you have no stored fat, like most serious cyclists, you HAVE NO CHOICE but to run off of eaten food. If you run out of that energy, you are DEAD IN THE WATER. Can't emphasize that enough.

Now, if you have stored fat, you can actually run off of that. You have to get your body to start digesting itself. As you might expect, your body does not do that lightly. When you get to the point where you need stored fat, your body will try to convince you to STOP doing whatever you're doing. You will become tired. You will become listless. You will become depressed. You will question why the hell you ever set out on the ride.

If you push through, your body will start to burn stored fat. If you have no stored fat, your body will start to burn muscle. This is extremely bad for your health, which is why your body will try to stop you. Push through only if you have stored fat.

Moral of the story: bring food unless you're trying to lose weight; in which case do not eat food (because that will stop the process of burning fat).

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Gastric Upset

:) I have a theory about gastric upset: what you can successfully eat *and gain nutrition from* depends on your gastric bacteria load. If you change what you eat, you need different bacteria. Swapping out the bacteria is not a pleasant experience.

So it's not about food poisoning, but instead about food *type* poisoning.

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Our first apartment

Our first apartment was across the street from the doughnut shop. It had several interesting characteristics:

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Wed, 21 Jan 2009

The Secret of Push Hands

I have ascertained the secret of Tai Chi Push Hands. This is a system of study to the end of being able to push an opponent so hard that they go flying across the room. It's not fake. It's real. I've had it done to me, and I've seen it done to others.

The way it works is simple but subtle. The master of the art knows how to get you off balance so quickly that your body jumps in order to stay in balance. You can see this for yourself when you walk on ice, and the supporting foot slips out from underneath you. You don't fall; instead you jump up and use your unweighted leg to get your weighted leg back underneath you.

The master simulates this by determining (through years of practice) where your balance is weakest. He then pushes you in that direction, very gently, but quickly. If this is done correctly, you jump backwards to keep your balance. The master exerts very little force, but induces you to do all the movement.

This is a very effective fighting art, because in a fight between peers, the fight is won by the person with the greater stamina. If the master is constantly forcing you to exert great effort, with very little effort on his part, you will be exhausted before he is even winded.

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The Rival Student

The Rival Student goes to the Master and says "Master, demonstrate your system on me so that I may decide if I want to be your student." The Master soundly defeats the Rival Student's every attack.

The Rival Student goes away thinking "He is a fraud. He only used his physical strength, no qigong at all."

The Master thinks "... and he couldn't even stop my physical strength. Not much of a student."

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Fri, 26 Dec 2008

Boonies of Boonville

I've been looking for unfinished railroads via map services again. I think I've found the tunnel that the Ogdensburg, Clayton & Rome built near Pixley Falls in the Boonville Gorge. I also have a candidate road for this "cut and abutment". Look on the Historic USGS maps. Look at the red circle, and the road just to the south of it. That road heads down the hill. Where it crosses the driver is approximately one and a half miles below upper Lansing Kill Falls, just as described. I'll have to look in person, but I'm reasonably confident that it's not the railroad.

Just to the left of the red circle is a large flat spot on the side of the hill. On the south end of the flat spot, next to the aforementioned road, is a house. I'd guess that somebody wanted a farm with a view. I can't see any ruins of a farm there, but you can look at the farm site for yourself and see if you can see it. Switch to Satellite for high-resolution photos.

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Fri, 14 Nov 2008

GPS Receivers

Do I have too many GPS receivers? A Delorme Earthmate (RS-232), a Navman 3000 sleeve for an iPAQ, a Delorme USB receiver, a bluetooth combination compass and receiver, a Nokie n810, a Garmin foretrex 201, an el-cheapo USB GPS receiver for my OLPC XO.

And if you want to count cellphones, my OpenMoko will spit out NMEA.

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Mon, 20 Oct 2008

Anathem and Hemn space

All points in Hemn space are possible, including the ice block inside the star. Stephenson wastes some time (as no doubt have metaphilosophers) considering how the ice block could have gotten there. It is of no importance to the idea, because "gotten there" introduces the idea of time. Hemn space is merely an enumeration of all possible states of all possible worlds.

More mention is made of "the laws of nature", but again, the laws of nature are at least in part a consideration of time. We live in time, and like fishes cannot conceive of water, have a hard time (hehe) thinking of a world without time. So, introduce time.

How does the ice block get into the star? We can ignore that, but consider that time is a path through Hemn space. Time is a connection between points. A Narrative is but one possible path of time through those points. So what, then, of the laws of nature? Simply, they dictate that some paths are not possible. For example, the 2nd law of thermodynamics disallows any path which results in a decrease in entropy.

So the path which skips you from point to point to point where the ice cube never melts, is not possible with a world with a 2nd law of thermodynamics.

Interesting stuff.

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Tue, 26 Aug 2008

Potsdam's Raymond Street Water Plant

I really like retrophotos. That's where somebody goes to a location with an old photo, and takes a modern version of the same photo. Here's my contribution to the genre. This is Potsdam, NY's old water plant, built in the 1800's. The 2008 photo has the modern water plant in the foreground.

Old photos courtesy of the Potsdam Public Museum, 2008.

1900s Potsdam Public Museum 2008 (Thumbnail) 1970s Potsdam Public Museum 2008 (Thumbnail) 2008 (Thumbnail)

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